Macular degeneration is a chronic eye condition that usually develops with age, causing decreased central vision. Read below for more details on this condition:
One form of macular degeneration is known as wet macular degeneration, and this occurs when abnormal blood vessels form under the macula. These damaging blood vessels cause affected individuals to see straight lines as wavy lines.
The other form of macular degeneration is dry. This form occurs when cells in the eye’s macula deteriorate, causing a blurred spot in an individual’s central line of vision. The causes of macular degeneration include age, smoking, obesity, race, family history, and gender. Studies conclude that whites are the most likely to suffer from macular degeneration, and women are at a greater risk than men.
This condition is diagnosed through a macular degeneration test, which usually includes an acuity test, a dilated eye exam, and the use of a tonometry device that measures eye pressure. The test also includes looking at a checkered grid, known as an amsler grid, to see if the lines appear straight or wavy. Macular degeneration treatment includes laser surgery, drug injections, or antioxidant supplements, depending on which form of macular degeneration an individual has.
Resources on Macular Degeneration
- All About Vision’s Complete Guide to Macular Degeneration
- National Eye Institute’s Facts about Age-Related Macular Degeneration
- National Institute of Health Macular Degeneration Definition
- Mayo Clinic’s Comprehensive Overview of Macular Degeneration
- WebMd’s Types of Macular Degeneration
- American Macular Degeneration Foundation Site